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Minority Health and Health Disparities Research

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This federal aid program is managed by:

National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services

Objectives:

To support basic, clinical, social, and behavioral research, promote research infrastructure and training; foster emerging programs; disseminate information; and reach out to minority and other health disparity communities. The National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD) has established programs to pursue these goals: (1) The Centers of Excellence Program promotes research to improve minority health, and/or reduce and eliminate health disparities, build research capacity for minority health and health disparities research in minority-serving and other institutions; encourages the participation of health disparity groups and communities in biomedical and behavioral research and prevention and intervention activities; and brings together investigators from relevant disciplines in a manner that will enhance and extend the effectiveness of their research; (2) NCMHD Research Endowment Program: builds research capacity and infrastructure at eligible Section 736 health professions schools (42 U.S.C. 293) to facilitate minority health and other health disparities research to close the disparity gap in the burden of illness and death experienced by racial and ethnic minority Americans and other health disparity populations; promotes a diverse and strong scientific, technological and engineering workforce; and emphasizes the recruitment and retention of underrepresented minorities and other socio-economically disadvantaged populations in the fields of biomedical, and behavioral research and other areas of the scientific workforce; (3) Health Disparities Research Loan Repayment Program (HDR-LRP): recruits and retains highly qualified health professionals to research careers that focus on minority health or other health disparities issues; (4) Extramural Clinical Research Loan Repayment Program for Individuals from Disadvantaged Backgrounds (ECR-LRP), also referred to as the Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment Program within this document: recruits and retains highly qualified health professionals from disadvantaged backgrounds to conduct clinical research. This nucleus of clinical investigators has the potential to improve medical care within their respective communities by promoting clinical programs that address the health problems associated with these communities; (5) Research Infrastructure in Minority Institutions (RIMI) Program: assists non-doctoral degree institutions in developing their research infrastructure primarily through collaborations with research-intensive universities thereby enabling the institutions to develop and enhance their capacity and competitiveness to conduct biomedical or behavioral research; (6) Minority Health and Health Disparities International Research Training Program (MHIRT), awards enable U.S. institutions to tailor short-term basic science, biomedical and behavioral mentored student international research training opportunities to address global issues related to understanding, reducing, and eliminating health disparities; (7) Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) program: this program supports the development, implementation and evaluation of intervention research using the community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles and methods in targeting diseases of major public health importance in health disparity communities. CBPR awards promote participatory research collaboration between scientific researchers and their community partners. This initiative starts with a three-year research planning grant followed by a competitive five-year intervention research grant and concludes with a three-year research dissemination grant. The CBPR initiative engages the community in all phases of the research process and is directed to specific diseases/health conditions in a particular health disparity population. (8) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program: increases private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; encourages small business participation in Federal research and development; and fosters and encourages participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation; (9) Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program: to stimulate and foster scientific and technological innovation through cooperative research development carried out between small business concerns and research institutions; fosters technology transfer between small business concerns and research institutions; increases private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal research and development; and fosters and encourages participation of socially and economically disadvantaged small business concerns and women-owned small business concerns in technological innovation. (10) Research Project Grants (RPG): supports investigators whose current research focuses on diseases/conditions that disproportionately affect racial/ethnic minorities and other underserved populations.

Funding obligations:

(Project Grants) FY 09 $40,286,759; FY 10 est $45,000,000; FY 11 est $44,000,000 - 1) Centers of Excellence (COE) grants: FY 09 $66,897,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (2) NCMHD Research Endowment grants: FY 09 $27,048,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (3) Health Disparities Loan Repayment Program (HDR) contracts: FY 09 $13,229,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (4) Extramural Clinical Research Loan Repayment Program for Individuals from Disadvantaged Backgrounds (ECR) contracts: FY 09 $938,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (5) Research Infrastructure in Minority Institutions (RIMI) grants: FY 09 $18,381,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (6) Minority Health and Health Disparities International Research Training (MHIRT) grants, formerly the Minority International Research Training Program (MIRT) previously managed by the NIH Fogarty International Center: FY 09 $4,514,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (7) Community-Based Participatory Research grants (CBPR): FY 09 $22,244,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (8) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and (9) Small Business Technology Transfer Grant Applications (STTR): FY 09 $5,520,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported. (10) Research Project Grants (RPG): FY 09 $4,375,000; FY 10 est not available; and FY 11 est not reported.

Uses and Use Restrictions:

Grants are intended to support the direct costs of a project in accordance with an approved budget, plus appropriate amount for indirect costs. Grantees must agree to administer the grant in accordance with the regulations and policies governing the research grants program of the Public Health Service. Endowment grants: Some qualifying institutions may use income earned from a research endowment corpus to support institutions in their effort to expand and add teaching programs in the biomedical and behavioral sciences and related areas, to improve facilities, to enhance student and faculty recruitment and retention, to develop instructional delivery systems and information technology in areas that will enhance minority health and other health disparities research activities, and to establish endowed chairs and programs. Other qualifying institutions must use income earned from a research endowment corpus to increase the institutions' investments in the recruitment and retention of underrepresented minority students and students from other health disparity populations that matriculate at such institutions. This includes activities such as increasing student recruitment and retention, creating merit-based and need-based scholarships, establishing or enhancing tutoring, providing counseling, and designing student service programs to improve academic success, and faculty recruitment and retention. Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts: Contracts provide repayment of existing educational loan debt incurred by health professionals that have agreed to conduct minority health or other health disparities research; or highly qualified health professionals from disadvantaged backgrounds whom plan to conduct clinical research. Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts recipients must execute a written contract agreeing to engage in qualified research for a minimum of two years. Contracts may be renewed for a one- or two-year period after the completion of the initial two-year contract, provided that the participant applies for a competitive renewal contract, continues to engage in qualified research, and has eligible repayable debt remaining. Program payments are made directly to the participants' lenders following each quarter and a verification of satisfactory research service, unless otherwise agreed upon by the participant and the Director, NCMHD. SBIR grants: SBIR Phase I grants are to establish the technical merit and feasibility of a proposed research effort that may lead to a commercial product or process. SBIR Phase II grants are for the continuation of the research initiated in Phase I and are likely to result in commercial products or processes. Only Phase I awardees are eligible to apply for Phase II support. STTR grants: STTR Phase I grants are to determine the scientific, technical, and commercial merit and feasibility of the proposed cooperative effort that has potential for commercial application. STTR Phase II grants are based on results of research initiated in Phase I and scientific and technical merit and commercial potential on Phase II application. See Program Announcements: PA-07-280 and PA-07-281. As specified in each of the program announcements.

Examples of Funded Projects:

Fiscal Year 2010: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2011: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2012: No Current Data Available

Program Accomplishments:

Fiscal Year 2010: No Current Data Available Fiscal Year 2011: 296. Fiscal Year 2012: No Current Data Available

Types of Assistance:

PROJECT GRANTS

Range and Average of Financial Assistance:

(1) Centers of Excellence (COE) grants: total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $271,554 to $1,639,379; average $1,216,302. (2) Endowment grants: total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $312,500 to $5,000,000; average $3,005,309. (3) HDR Loan Repayment Program contracts: total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $1,979 to $103,138; average $44,693. (4) ECR Loan Repayment Program contracts: total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $7,036 to $103,138; average $52,137. (5) Research Infrastructure in Minority Institution grants (RIMI): total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $22,929 to $1,010,845; average $765,857. (6) Minority Health and Health Disparities Research International Research Training (MHIRT) grants: total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $39,744 to $242,920; average $188,072. (7) Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) grants: total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $63,517 to $748,692; average $529,628. (8) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grants and (9) Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Grant Application: Typically, Phase I awards normally may not exceed $100,000 total (direct costs, indirect costs and profit/fee) and Phase II awards normally may not exceed $750,000. However, these award levels for time and amounts are statutory guidelines, not ceilings. (10) Research Project Grants (RPG): total awards made by the NCMHD ranged from $247,979 to $450,624; average $364,622.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance:

All awards have a project period of one to five years. Non-competitive grant awards in successive years (year 2 up to year 5) are awarded based on the applicant's annual performance and the availability of funds. Endowment Grants: Awards have a project period of one to three years. Non-competitive years (year 2 up to year 3) are awarded based on the applicant's annual performance and the availability of funds. The project period for these awards are directly linked to the amount of time remaining on the applicant's HRSA Centers of Excellence project period. Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts: An initial contract provides assistance for a two-year period, and a renewal contract provides assistance for an additional one- or two-year period. SBIR grants: Generally, Phase I awards are for six months, and Phase II awards are for two years. STTR grants: Generally, Phase I awards are for one year, and Phase II awards are for two years. All funds for any award must be obligated within five years from the date of the award. See the following for information on how assistance is awarded/released: See above for information about each program.

Applicant Eligibility:

Individuals and public and private institutions, both non-profit and for-profit, who propose to establish, expand, and conduct research, promote or engage in research training, and outreach activities that contribute to improving minority health and/or eliminating health disparities. Endowment grants: Only Section 736 health professional schools (see 42 U.S.C. 293) with net endowment assets less than or equal to 50 percent of the national average of endowment funds at institutions that conduct similar biomedical research or training of health professionals are eligible for the research endowment awards. All applicants must have a HRSA Centers of Excellence Award at the time of award of an NCMHD Research Endowment Grant. Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts: Qualified health professionals that are U.S. citizens, nationals or lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the U.S.; have student loan debt equal to or less than 20 percent of their institutional based salary; have no Federal judgment liens against their property arising from a Federal debt; and owe no obligation of health professional service to the Federal government, a State, or other entity unless deferrals are granted during the length of their Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts service obligation. SBIR grants: Domestic small businesses (entities that are independently owned and operated for profit, are not dominant in the field in which the research is proposed, and have no more than 500 employees). Primary employment (more than one-half time) of the principal investigator must be with the small business at the time of award and during the conduct of the proposed project. Small business concerns must be at least 51 percent US owned by individuals and independently operated and/or at least 51 percent owned and controlled by another (one) for-profit business concern that is at least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more individuals. The research must be performed in the U.S. or its possessions. STTR grants: Domestic small businesses (entities that are independently owned and operated for profit, are not dominant in the field in which the research is proposed, and have no more than 500 employees) that 'partner' with a research institution in cooperative research and development. At least 40 percent of the project is to be performed by the small business concern and at least 30 percent by the research institution.

Beneficiary Eligibility:

Any non-profit or for-profit organization, company, or institution engaged in biomedical and behavioral research. Endowment grants: Section 736 institutions. Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts: Qualified health professionals who conduct minority health or other health disparities research or highly qualified health professionals from disadvantaged backgrounds who will conduct clinical research and who possess substantial unpaid educational debt relative to income.

Award Procedure:

Each application will be forwarded to an initial scientific review committee or Special Emphasis Panel (SEP) of non-NIH scientists and the National Advisory Council on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NACMHD) will conduct the secondary review. Health Disparities Loan Repayment and Disadvantaged Individuals Loan Repayment contracts: All eligible and completed applications will be forwarded to a SEP for review. Awards will be made to those applications recommended by the SEP and approved by the Director, NCMHD. SBIR and STTR grants: All eligible and completed applications will be forwarded to an initial scientific review committee and to the NACMHD for the secondary review. All applications receiving a priority score compete for available SBIR/STTR set-aside funds.

Contact Info for Headquarters Office:

Francisco S. Sy, NIH/NCMHD, 6707 Democracy Blvd. Suite 800, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-5465 Phone: (301) 496-7074.

Website Address:

http://www.ncmhd.nih.gov. http://www.nih.gov .

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